European spatial development

Enlarge photo: Einleitung
© ESPON

European spatial development promotes the balanced and sustainable development of European regions. The basic objectives of European policy as well as economic, social and territorial cohesion are to be implemented in a localised and equal manner together with other regions in Europe.
Here, the capital city region of Berlin-Brandenburg has a special responsibility in view of European integration and after the eastward expansion of the EU, in particular in connection with its Polish neighbours.
The aim is to use the opportunities that arise from the capital city region’s central location within Europe and its function as a link between East and West, North and South as well as from European cohesion policy.
The competitive positioning of the capital city region within Europe and the endorsement of cohesion-oriented and localised European development therefore constitutes a central task.
European territorial cohesion is supported by the active configuration of spatially relevant European strategies and programmes, in particular in the field of transnational cooperation (Interreg B).
Activities and projects within the Scandria®Corridor, which connects the innovative Scandinavian regions with the economically vibrant North Italian regions via the capital city region and creates value-adding hubs for the transnational flow of people and commodities in cooperation with other economic corridors, constitute a special strategic task.
German-Polish cooperation constitutes another key area, which, on the one hand, derives from the location of the capital city region and the opportunities arising from a joint economic region on both sides of the River Oder and, on the other, from the historical background.
Pursuing the objective of harmonious European territorial development and due to its spatial structure and location, the capital city region is a member of the networks of European metropolitan regions Metrex and IKM.

Cooperation

The main instruments for implementing the objectives and guiding principles of European territorial development are the EU programmes for promoting spatial cooperation in the transnational cooperation areas in the period 2014 to 2020 following the ‘INTERREG V B’ approach. Through these programmes, the Federal States of Berlin and Brandenburg can attract EU funding in competition with other federal states and countries. Cooperation within the Baltic-Adriatic Core Network Corridor is of great significance to the German capital city region.
Metropolitan regions
The metropolitan regions in their capacity as ‘dynamic zones of global economic integration’ play a key role within the polycentric city system regarding the improvement of territorial harmonisation in Europe. The Joint Spatial Planning Department represents the capital city region in the Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas (METREX).