Brandenburg is a federal state with an old-established energy sector. The Lausitz brown-coal area marked considerably the industrial history as one of the three biggest deposits in Germany. Since the reunification and due to the process of economic transformation a structural change has also taken place in terms of energy management. The volume of brown-coal extraction decreased by 50% and new climate-friendly energy resources and renewable resources have gained importance to a greater extent.
Brandenburg being an “energy state” with much wind offers favourable conditions. According to the energy strategy 2030 the share in renewable resources shall be increased up to 32 % of the primary energy consumption until 2030. As far as the ranking of the federal states is concerned – performed by the Agency for Renewable Resources- Brandenburg was awarded the “Leitstern” in 2012 , 2010 and 2008 as that state offering the best preconditions for the extended use of renewable resources. The extraction of energy comes along with using spaces. Brown coal, wind and big solar parks, bio mass plants, energy crops are “in competition” with other requirements for usage and protection and do change the cultural landscape. Spatial control and spatially friendly arrangements may reduce conflicts of use.
The Capital region of Berlin-Brandenburg is one of the German regions with a high vulnerability concerning climate change. Up to 2050 in Berlin-Brandenburg a significant increase of average temperature of 2,5 °C is to reckon. The average yearly amount of rainfall of about 540 mm is shifting from summer into winter term. Frequency und intensity of extreme events grow. Havy rainfall events will occur added in winter, and extreme cold become rarely then. In summer however, extreme warmth and long heat waves occur increasingly.
The joint regional concept energy and climate for Berlin and Brandenburg (GRK) takes up the spatial challenges, which arise in view of climate change and energy turn in the capital region Berlin-Brandenburg.