Joint spatial planning
Together, the Federal States of Berlin and Brandenburg form the German capital city region. In the treaty on the duties and management as well as fundamentals and procedures of joint spatial planning between the Federal States of Berlin and Brandenburg (State Planning Treaty), they agreed on long-term joint spatial and state spatial planning. Joint spatial planning is exercised by the Joint Spatial Planning Department (GL).
It contributes to strengthening the capital city region of Berlin-Brandenburg, to counteracting the consequences of demographic change and to supporting the economic development of the overall region and its individual parts. The GL cooperates with the departments of both federal state governments, with regional and local authorities as well as with associations and private third parties in the implementation of joint development projects on a regional and federal state level respectively on the basis of the 2006 guiding principles for the capital city region, the 2007 state development programme and the 2009 Berlin-Brandenburg state development plan.
The GL represents the capital city region’s interests in the network of German and European metropolitan regions. Particular attention is paid to the implementation in spatial planning of the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T).
Ensuring public services is of special importance against the background of demographic change. State spatial planning is tasked with adapting the spatial setting of priorities to the changed circumstances in cooperation with regional stakeholders on the basis of the central place system. This is also a contribution to the future-oriented development of cities to provide regional anchors.
Spatial planning issues standards for the economic use of land and for the utilisation of non-renewable natural resources. It stipulates the principle of inner zone development before outer zone development and safeguards open spaces and open space networks of high quality. In doing so, it contributes to the integrated development of rural areas.
With respect to climate change and the intended significant increase of the percentage of renewable energy sources, the GL is tasked with supporting the five planning regions in implementing the Brandenburg energy strategy. The GL develops planning-related fundamentals for the redevelopment of former lignite mining areas and for safeguarding domestic energy sources.
The GL approves regional plans and ensures that urban land-use plans in Berlin and Brandenburg follow the spatial planning objectives. It thus contributes to implementing the state development plan on a municipal level. The GL conducts spatial planning procedures to assess the spatial compatibility of major projects of spatial significance.