SCANDRIA ®: shortest connection between Scandinavia and the Adriatic
Baltic-Adriatic development corridor
Currently, the development of the Scandria® corridor offers the capital city region of Berlin-Brandenburg with the opportunity of generating impulses for economic and spatial development. The corridor connects the highly innovative Baltic region with the economically vibrant Mediterranean region. It also combines the EU strategies for the macroregions ‘Baltic Sea’, ‘Danube’, ‘Adriatic’ and ‘Alps’ as well as other transnational cooperations. The numerous links to important East-West corridors and the central location within the EU are the reasons behind its prominent status in the consolidation of Europe. The importance of the corridor for European spatial development policy has become increasingly obvious over the past years.
The East German federal state ministers responsible for spatial planning took the initiative in 2007 and voted for a European spatial development and growth alliance in their ‘Berlin Declaration’. This declaration states regarding the objective of the joint initiative: “to economically and socially strengthen the region of these countries as part of the Baltic-Adriatic development corridor in implementation of the objectives of the European spatial development concept and the EU’s territorial agenda, … [to create] an attractive transport infrastructure and transport choices … at an internationally competitive level, in particular the expansion of the trans-European transport networks” (Kick-off Conference 2007, Symposium 2008).
Another objective was and is the upgrading of site qualities along the corridor for industry and services. The regions will be better connected and the influx of innovative industry branches will be supported in particular by the linkage to traffic flows. The objective is a noticeable reduction in train travel times between urban and metropolitan regions as well as the development of efficient and multimodal logistics chains including improved transnational cooperation. This contributes also to the sustained reduction of emissions.
Instruments of this strategic approach include projects of transnational cooperation, in particular Interreg projects. This approach is successful. The chambers of industry and commerce actively support cooperations with the North-South Initiative. An increased number of projects and initiatives have been active in the Baltic-Adriatic development corridor (Scandria®) since 2009. During the EU funding period up until 2013, the GL was most notably involved in the following projects:
The next objectives and the further course of action for the realisation of the corridor were presented in the Scandria® Action Programme in 2012. Amongst other things, it targets the development of a Scandria® Alliance to provide a multi-level governance platform. Following the successful conclusion of the previous projects, the signing of a memorandum of understanding in April 2013 by partners from Sweden, Germany and Italy constituted yet another step towards strengthening the corridor. It determines intensified cooperation and coordinated project application in the Baltic region and Central Europe for the EU funding period as of 2014. The GL will again involve itself in Interreg projects in the Baltic-Adriatic development corridor also in this funding period. These currently include in particular: